Knowledge

List of essential medicines for family first aid kit



The family first aid kit is roughly divided into three parts:


1, dressing class

Mainly refers to medical gauze, cotton swabs, bandages, band-aids and so on.


2, equipment

Mainly refers to thermometers, medical disposable gloves, tourniquets, medical tweezers, medical scissors, hemostats and so on.


3, drugs

External use: alcohol, purple syrup, iodine, cooling oil, Yunnan Baiyao, safflower oil, eye drops, painkillers, allergy medicines, etc.


Internal medicine: cold medicine, summer medicine, painkiller, motion sickness medicine, stomach digestive medicine, antidiarrheal medicine, etc.


First, the list of commonly used household first-aid kits:

1, first aid manual

According to the International Red Cross, only 12% of adults worldwide can take emergency rescue measures in emergencies, and only 5% of them are effective. Many home first aid kits have a lot of things, but they don't understand first aid methods. Lack of first-hand knowledge makes many of us lose our hands when an accident occurs, so a first aid manual is the most important. First-aid manuals can be purchased in general bookstores, and online downloads can also be ordered.


2, thermometer

To use the mercury body temperature, first pry the mercury column down and wipe off the sweat clip for 10 minutes. When using the electronic body temperature timer, place the probe in the position where temperature measurement is required until the beep is heard and the measured value is read. Household electronic thermometers also have a service life, usually around 5 years.


3, band-aid

For small wounds, wound dressing, large, medium and small sizes must be available. Waterproof band-aid and band-aid band-aid must be prepared.


4, disinfection gauze

Used to cover the wound. It is not like cotton, it is possible to leave the cotton thread on the wound, and when it is removed, it will not affect the wound. Bandages can also be used. The bandages are elastic and are used to wrap the wound without hindering blood circulation. 2" for the hand, 3" for the foot.


5, triangle towel

Also known as a triangular bandage, it can be used for a variety of purposes, including the injured upper limbs, fixed dressings or fractures.


6, round head scissors, pliers, disposable gloves

Round head scissors are safe and can be used to cut tape or bandages. It can also be used to cut clothes if necessary. Pliers can replace the double-handed dressing, or clamp the dirt on the wound. Disposable gloves prevent the body from directly touching the wound and avoid cross-infection.


7, mask

It is mainly used to isolate the contamination of the wound surface by the gas in the mouth and nose. Need to be reminded that you must wash your hands before and after wearing, and replace them immediately after wearing them.


8, flashlight

It can be used to illuminate when it is rescued in a dark environment; it can also be a pupillary reaction for people who faint.


9, 0.9% saline

Used to clean the wound. Based on hygiene requirements, it is best to choose a separate small or medium-sized bottle. It should be noted that the remaining ones should be thrown away after opening and should not be placed in the first aid kit. If not, replace it with unopened distilled or mineral water.


10, disinfection paper towels

It is used to clean the skin, sterilize and disinfect, and tear the package and directly rub the skin.


11, wrap paper

It does not closely follow the characteristics of the wound, and it is wrapped in burns and burns before being sent to the hospital.